Go by Example: Recover

Go makes it possible to recover from a panic, by using the recover built-in function. A recover can stop a panic from aborting the program and let it continue with execution instead.

An example of where this can be useful: a server wouldn’t want to crash if one of the client connections exhibits a critical error. Instead, the server would want to close that connection and continue serving other clients. In fact, this is what Go’s net/http does by default for HTTP servers.

package main
import "fmt"

This function panics.

func mayPanic() {
    panic("a problem")

recover must be called within a deferred function. When the enclosing function panics, the defer will activate and a recover call within it will catch the panic.

func main() {

The return value of recover is the error raised in the call to panic.

    defer func() {
        if r := recover(); r != nil {
            fmt.Println("Recovered. Error:\n", r)

This code will not run, because mayPanic panics. The execution of main stops at the point of the panic and resumes in the deferred closure.

    fmt.Println("After mayPanic()")
Recovered. Error:
 a problem

Next example: Collection Functions.